Ellen Israel, Ph.D.
20 Nassau Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540
My approach to treatment for addiction is within the context of a disordered attachment history. Unaddressed childhood trauma, neglect and dysfunctional caregiving often manifest in forms including addiction, depression, domestic violence, and homelessness. Use of a substance becomes a means to cope with the fear, rage, and worthlessness experienced within adverse childhood experiences. Effective treatment for addiction must address the underlying emotional components and restore a sense of trust and self worth.