Modeling (Social Learning)

Modeling (Social Learning)


Albert Bandura created the psychology Modeling which is a social approach that exaggerates on how important it is to be aware of attitudes and the result of emotional responses. Modeling focuses on learning by observing others. It is used to uncover evolved behavior. The attentiveness elaborates on how each individual's cognitive factors and environments influence their own learning. This psychology is an emphasis on the learning that takes place in social situations and how people obtain behaviors from others through imitation. The people that are being observed are called the "models." Children are surrounded by these models which is where they learn much of their behavior. Children pay attention to this and subconsciously imitate the behavior. Whether or not this is relevant to them and their gender, they will continue to imitate it because it was learned.

Goals of Modeling

Modeling or social learning is the process of understanding models and using social media so that the learning can be enhanced further. Throughout social education the students can understand how an environment plays out when models are present. The goal of this type of education is to build a group of learners that can work in sync with one another during a class. When the class has been completed that group of people, or community can keep learning and collaborating with each other if a project or goal is necessary. The goal of modeling is to learn through observing these people and understand that a mental state has everything to do with the end result of a circumstance. It aims to teach students that just because something has been learned it doesn't mean that it will actually change the given behavior.

When is Modeling Used?

Modeling is used when students are learning about this psychology. They need to pay attention to the model in order to learn about it. It is used when the person studying the model is looking at the behavior being displayed. When the behavior is looked at and practiced it turns into an act that is conditional and easy o reciprocate. When observational learning has worked, motivation and imitation is present. In order to actively motivate someone reinforcement is essential.

How Modeling Works

Modeling works by observing designated people and learning how to act by watching their physical and emotional behavior. The observer will pay attention to the features of the model. They must be attentive toward the models characteristics. In order to be moved by the behavior the individual needs to remember the activities that were taking place. They will need to be attentive toward the imagery and language that is spoken. The observer has the ability to remember the behavior that they have seen in mental images and then recall it later on for a certain purpose.

The observer will experience a reproduction stage. During this stage they will convert what they have seen and heard into action. The behavior that has been reproduced is the result of the intentional or subconscious modeling. When a person has the ability to reproduce a behavior it's because they have observed the model and practiced the behavior. In order to imitate a behavior the observer is going to need some sort of a motivating factor so that they have the want to envision that person. Their imagination actually serves as an incentive when they are reciprocating it. If there are any negative reinforcements present it is going to discourage the observer from using the activity that was modeled.

Having the want to imitate behavior may stem from the desire to overcome challenges or trivial circumstances. It doesn't necessary have to be a negative circumstance. This may be a personal goal and modeling will provide the observer with the mental elements that are needed. If the individual has the ability to use their imagination and become the model, they also have the ability to disassociate from nerves or internal conflicts that prevent them from overcoming a goal. In a way this person can detach from their own consciousness and transcend into someone that they have watched, listened to and remembered. When the person is modeling after someone else it doesn't necessarily mean that the behavior is satisfactory. They may not have a choice in deciding who they model after. If it is a parent or guardian this may be an unconscious learned perception. Whether or not the behavior is good or bad is circumstantial.


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Kilpatrick, J. (n.d.). What are the benefits of couples counseling before marriage?. Retrieved from

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