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June 29, 2021
by Patricia Tomasi

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New Study Shows Cognitive Reappraisal Potentially Helpful In Substance Abuse Treatment

June 29, 2021 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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A new study published in PNAS looked at attention bias modification in drug addiction and enhancing control of subsequent habits. “In substance use disorder, cues and contexts that remind an individual of the experience of substance use start to habitually grab attention and elicit a physiological response (arousal) that is thought to result in craving and culminate in compulsive substance use,” study author Muhammad A. Parvaz told us. [More]

June 15, 2021
by Patricia Tomasi

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How Gender Differentiates The Impact Of Alcohol Use Disorder

June 15, 2021 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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A recently published study looked at how brain responsivity to emotional faces differs in men and women with and without a history of alcohol use disorder (AUD). “We investigated brain activity in response to facial expressions,” study author Kayle S. Sawyer told us, “and how abnormalities in brain activity differed for men and women with a history of alcohol use disorder.” [More]

June 8, 2021
by Patricia Tomasi

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What Can Rats Tell Us About Cocaine Addiction?

June 8, 2021 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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A new study published in the Journal of Neuropharmacology looked at whether a sensation-seeking trait confers a dormant susceptibility to addiction through intermittent cocaine self-administration in rats. The advantage of studying this phenomenon in rats is that researchers can examine what is different about the brains of high- versus low- sensation-seeking rats. This will help identify new targets for medications designed to treat cocaine use disorder. [More]

May 25, 2021
by Patricia Tomasi

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Can Medication And Counseling Help Homeless With Alcohol-Use Disorder?

May 25, 2021 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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A new study published in Lancet Psychiatry looked at combining behavioral harm-reduction treatment and extended-release naltrexone for people experiencing homelessness and alcohol use disorder in the United States. “We tested whether combined medication and counseling harm-reduction treatment would help people experiencing homelessness and alcohol use disorder improve on alcohol and health outcomes,” study author Susan E. Collins told us. [More]

May 11, 2021
by Patricia Tomasi

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Eating Disorder Symptoms Increased Significantly During The Pandemic According To New Study

May 11, 2021 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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A new study published in the Journal of Psychiatry Research looked at changes in body dysmorphic disorder, eating disorder, and exercise addiction symptomatology during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study was a longitudinal study of 319 health club users. “The study was initially about exercise addiction, eating disorders, and body image, but when COVID-19 hit, we changed the scope to see if there were any differences pre vs post the first lockdown in the UK last spring,” lead author Mike Trott told us, [More]

January 26, 2021
by Patricia Tomasi

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Does Alcoholism Change The Way A Person Responds To Alcohol Over Time?

January 26, 2021 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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new study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry looked at subjective responses to alcohol in the development and maintenance of alcohol use disorder. “There are heuristic scientific models as well as common folklore surrounding the issue of responses to alcohol in those who are at risk for, and who do become addicted,” study author Dr. Andrea King told us. [More]

January 12, 2021
by Patricia Tomasi

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Are Some People More Vulnerable To Alcohol Addiction Than Others?

January 12, 2021 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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Researchers examined 190 young adults and followed them for ten years. They were directly tested on their response to alcohol vs. placebo beverage in initial testing sessions and then they returned five and ten years later to a laboratory in Chicago to undergo identical re-examination testing. “We flew people in from all over the country (and the world!) to come back for their returning sessions,” study author Andrea King told us. “We also conducted regular follow-up interviews semi-annually in that period. I am grateful the participants were so connected to the study, as 99% of those still living continued to participate over the decade.” [More]

December 15, 2020
by Patricia Tomasi

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What Cocaine And Mice Can Tell Us About Sleep Deprivation

December 15, 2020 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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Did you know that adults need an average of seven to nine hours of sleep per day and that adolescents need eight to ten hours? According to statistics from the Institute of Medicine, American adults and teens aren’t getting enough sleep. How does lack of sleep or sleep deprivation affect our brain’s reward system? An average of 50-70 million American adults have a sleep disorder. The most common sleep disorder is insomnia. Approximately 30 per cent of American adults say they have experienced short term insomnia while 10 per cent say they experience chronic insomnia. A new study published in eNeuro looked at sleep-deprivation and rewards using mice and cocaine. [More]

September 29, 2020
by Patricia Tomasi

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What Is The Prevalence Of Illicit Drug Use Among College Students With Disabilities?

September 29, 2020 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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A new study published in the Disability and Health Journal examined the prevalence of illicit drug use among college students with physical, cognitive, and other disabilities, and their counterparts without disabilities. “Our aim was to investigate whether there were differences in illicit substance use between students with disabilities and their peers without disabilities,” study author Myriam Casseus told us. “Numerous studies have found high rates of substance use among adults with disabilities and young adults/college students. However, there has been little research on drug use among college student with disabilities.” [More]

September 22, 2020
by Patricia Tomasi

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What Draws Youth To Vaping?

September 22, 2020 08:00 by Patricia Tomasi  [About the Author]

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A new study published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research looked at tactics for drawing youth to vaping. The study consisted of two parts. First, researchers gathered a substantial amount of evidence about why youth are drawn into vaping. Then, the researchers took all of these reasons that youth cite for taking up e-cigarettes and used it as a framework to see if e-cigarette advertisements tap into any of them. [More]